Students of history will notice what’s missing from the text on this antique tin… (Taken with Instagram at Bart’s Flea Market)
ah yes, the original and best pledge, the way it was meant to be.
I wish I could show this to a certain someone. Or two.
“For to be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.” ― Nelson Mandela
“Shall we just carelessly allow children to hear any casual tales which may be devised by casual persons, and to receive into their minds ideas for the most part the very opposite of those which we should wish them to have when they are grown up?
We cannot…Anything received into the mind at that age is likely to become indelible and unalterable; and therefore it is most important that the tales which the young first hear should be models of virtuous thoughts”
|—||Plato’s Republic (via barkerruminations)|
18. The “Political-not-Metaphysical” Legacy
Moral Foundations of Politics (PLSC 118)The mature Rawls departed quite a bit from his earlier theory of justice, choosing instead an overlapping consensus, or “political, not metaphysical” approach. Professor Shapiro argues that this is a significant departure from the Enlightenment tradition. In a wrap-up of the class’s examination of the Enlightenment, Professor Shapiro charts its evolution from Locke to Bentham to Mill to Marx to contemporary theorists. As for the Enlightenment commitment to science and reason as the basis for politics, the early Enlightenment identified science with certainty, while the mature Enlightenment beginning with Mill emphasized the fallibility of science. But how rational are individuals after all? As for the second Enlightenment normative ideal of individual rights, the efforts to secularize the workmanship ideal after Locke were very problematic, culminating in the numerous and sound critiques of Marx and the intuitively disturbing radicalism of Rawls’s moral arbitrariness. Professor Shapiro then introduces the backlash of the at-times unsatisfying consequences of the Enlightenment tradition, the anti-Enlightenment.00:00 - Chapter 1. Introduction: Last Class Recap and Class Agenda07:05 - Chapter 2. Course Recap18:49 - Chapter 3. Political, Not Metaphysical28:35 - Chapter 4. The Normative Idea of Individual RightsComplete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: open.yale.edu/coursesThis course was recorded in Spring 2010.
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“Dare to know” - Immanuel Kant